The name Lumber River is derived from the extensive timber harvesting and transportation done in the late 1700s.
The banks and waters of the Lumber River are home to many types of wildlife. Beavers, minks, otters, wild turkeys and several varieties of ducks are numerous in the upper section of the canoe trail. Deer, raccoon and muskrats eat vegetation that grows on the rivers slopes and drink water from the Lumber River.
Throughout the Lumber River, cotton mouth (moccasin), copperhead, rattler and different varieties of water snakes can be seen.
Sport fishing is permitted in accordance with North Carolina State Law. Catfish are the predominant fish in the Lumber River. Other fish in the Lumber River, in order of abundance, are:
Small mouth and large mouth bass
Pine cypress, gum, poplar, sweet and loblolly bays and juniper trees line the Lumber River.
Virginia creeper and spanish moss are commonly seen in trees bordering the Lumber River. Pitcher Plant and Venus's Flytraps and several varieties of ferns grow along the stream.
Hikers and outdoor adventurers should note that poison ivy and poison oak grow in abundance along the banks. Most fallen trees, stumps and logs also have poison sumac growing around them.